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Months of the Year

Names of Months Are Masculine, Not Capitalized

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Because of their common heritage, the words for the months are very similar in English and Spanish:
  • enero — January
  • febrero — February
  • marzo — March
  • abril — April
  • mayo — May
  • junio — June
  • julio — July
  • agosto — August
  • septiembre, setiembre — September
  • octubre — October
  • noviembre — November
  • diciembre — December
All of the names for months are masculine: el enero, el febrero, etc. It usually isn't necessary to use the el except when giving specific dates.

Note also that the names of the month are not capitalized in Spanish.

The most common way of giving dates is following this pattern: el 1 de enero de 2000. For example: La Declaración de Independencia de los EE.UU. fue ratificada por el Congreso Continental el 4 de julio de 1776 en Filadelfia. (The U.S. Declaration of Independence was ratified by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, in Philadelphia.) As in that example, the word "on" in an "on + date" phrase does not have to be translated to Spanish.

Otherwise, the names of months are used similarly to how they are in English:

  • Abril es el cuarto mes del año. April is the fourth month of the year.
  • Asturias registró el febrero más seco y cálido desde 1990. Asturias recorded the driest and warmest February since 1990.
  • Fue publicado el 28 de febrero de 2008. It was published on February 28, 2008.
  • Era un diciembre mágico. It was a magic December.
  • Se celebra el 24 de octubre como Día de las Naciones Unidas. October 24 is celebrated as United Nations Day.

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