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Spanish Sentence Structure

Learn how Spanish sentences are formed.
  1. Parts of Sentences (4)
  2. Spanish Word Order (11)

Saying 'Both'
The idea behind the English word 'both' can be expressed several ways in Spanish.

Using 'We' Verbs
The word 'we' and phrase 'of us' are often translated to Spanish in ways that seem unfamiliar to English speakers.

Double Negatives
Double negatives are considered substandard in English. But in Spanish they are often required. This lesson explains how.

Sentence
Definition of 'sentence' as the word is used in Spanish and English grammar.

Exclamations
An explanation of the common exclamations of Spanish.

Passive Voice
Learn what the passive voice is, how it differs from the active voice, and how it is used in Spanish and English.

Using "Ser De"
Using the Spanish phrase 'ser de' to indicate origin or qualities.

Translating 'For' in Time Expressions
There were several ways in which the word "for" can be translated to Spanish in expressions such as "for one year." This lesson explains the most common and provides examples.

Avoiding the Passive Voice
One of the common mistakes made by beginning Spanish students is to overuse the passive voice. This lesson focuses on alternatives.

'Más Que' vs. 'Más De'
There are two ways of saying 'more than' in Spanish: 'más que' and 'más de.' Those two phrases don't mean the same thing and shouldn't be confused.

Statements of Necessity
This Spanish lesson covers 'statements of necessity,' ways of indicating that something is necessary or necessary to be done.

Using 'Tan' and 'Tanto' in Comparisons of Equality
A phrase such as 'tan ... como' is typically used in Spanish to mean the same thing as 'as ... as.'

Negation - Using 'No' and Related Words
Learn how to negate a sentence in Spanish. Did you know that in Spanish it's OK, and even mandatory sometimes, to use a double negative?

Attaching Pronouns to Verbs
A lesson in attaching pronouns to certain verb forms in Spanish.

Word Order
An explanation of how Spanish is more flexible than is English in terms of word order.

Introduction to Reflexive Verbs
An introduction to reflexive verbs as they are used in Spanish.

Comparisons of Inequality
Learn how to express "more than" and "less than" in Spanish and to make other types of comparisons.

Asking Questions
Learn how to ask questions in Spanish.

'Al' Followed by an Infinitive
In Spanish, using the contraction 'al' followed by an infinitive is a very common way of indicating when something happens.

Referring to Decades
This is an explanation of how to refer to the decades (such as to say something happened in the 1970s).

Singular or Plural Verb?
Spanish has several situations in which it may not be obvious whether a singular or plural verb should be used, and in some of them the rules are different from those of English.

Describing Size and Dimensions
Spanish has three very common ways of indicating the length, width, height and similar dimensions of people or things.

The Neuter Gender
All nouns are either masculine or feminine (or sometimes either, depending on the context). But Spanish still has use for the neuter gender, which is usually used to refer to ideas or concepts rather than people or objects.

Saying 'In Order To' in Spanish - Subordinators of Purpose
Learn how to express the concept of 'in order to' in Spanish using 'para' and other words and phrases.

Saying 'In Other Words'
Here are five ways of expressing the idea of 'in other words' in Spanish.

'Gente' and 'Pueblo' as Singular Nouns
Although 'gente' is usually translated to English as 'people,' in Spanish it is a singular noun. The same is true of 'pueblo.'

Indicating Possession
Spanish has several ways of indicating possession, since you can't uses the "'s" of English.

Using 'Lo'
Guide to using lo as a direct-object pronoun, definite article and part of a relative pronoun.

Giving Advice
An explanation of the three ways you can give advice in Spanish.

Definition of "Personification"
Definition of personification as used in Spanish and English.

Apposition
Definition of "apposition" with examples in Spanish and English.

Saying 'What' in Spanish
The English word 'what' can be translated numerous ways into Spanish.

Noun-Adjective Agreement
One of the basic rules of Spanish grammar is that adjectives must agree with the nouns they refer to in both number and gender.

Expressing Afterthoughts
Spanish has two common ways of introducing an afterthought, unrelated comment or offhand remark, ways that are typically translated as "by the way" or "incidentally" in English.

Singular or Plural?
Answer to a question about why the singular form is used in a Spanish sentence such as "se quitaron el sombrero" for "they took off their hats."

Expressing Causation
Do you want to indicate why something is the way it is, or why it happened the way it did? If so, there are plenty of ways to do it in Spanish in addition to the much-used porque ("because").

Verbs Similar to 'Gustar'
A number of Spanish verbs are used in such a way that the verb's object is usually translated as the subject in English.

Collective Nouns and Verb Agreement
Collective nouns are sometimes treated as singular, sometimes as plural.

Changing 'O' and 'Y' before Certain Sounds
Two of the most common conjunctions — y (meaning "and") and o (meaning "or") — can change spelling and pronunciation based on the word that follows.

Definition of 'Tag Question'
Definition of 'tag question' or 'question tag' along with examples in Spanish and English.

Separation of Auxiliary and Main Verbs
It is common in English to separate an auxiliary verb from the verb is it associated with. However, this practice should normally not be duplicated in Spanish.

Definition of 'Personification'
Definition of personification as used in Spanish and English.

Indirect Question
Brief definition of 'indirect question' with examples in Spanish and English.

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