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Verbs

Verbs indicate actions or state of being. Learning how they are conjugated and used is essential to mastering Spanish.
  1. Conjugation (108)
  2. Infinitives (13)
  3. Using Particular Verbs (164)
  4. Verb Moods (38)
  5. Verb Tenses (44)

10 Facts About Spanish Verbs
10 facts about Spanish verbs with links to grammar lessons that students of Spanish will find useful.

Using Gerunds Without Auxiliary Verbs
Although Spanish gerunds are frequently used along with forms of the verb 'estar' to form a progressive verb form, they area also often used alone.

Active Voice
Definition of 'active voice' as the term is used in Spanish and English grammar.

Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
Lesson on the use of transitive and intransitive verbs in Spanish.

Translating 'Let'
How do you say 'let' in Spanish? The answer involves translating for meaning, not word-for-word.

Translating the Auxiliary Verb 'Might'
There is no Spanish verb that has the same meaning as the English auxiliary verb 'might.' So when translating, you need to figure out first what is meant.

Impersonal Verb
Definition of 'impersonal verb' with examples how such verbs are used in Spanish and English.

Translating Englisn "-ing" Words - Learn Spanish Language
When translating to Spanish, you can't translate all English words ending in '-ing' the same way.

Definition of 'Intransitive Verb' - Grammar Glossary for Spanish and English
Glossary definition of 'transitive verb' as it is used in both Spanish and English grammar

Definition of 'Transitive Verb' - Grammar Glossary for Spanish and English
Glossary definition of 'transitive verb' as it is used in both Spanish and English grammar

Reflexive Verbs and Pronouns
Reflexive verbs are those used in sentences where the subject is acting on itself.

Does Spanish Have Auxiliary Verbs - Question of the Week
Auxiliary verbs are less commonly used in Spanish than they are in English.

'Si' Clauses - Conditional Sentences
In Spanish, which verb tense and mood to use following si (the word for "if") depends on the likelihood of the condition happening.

Introduction to Reflexive Verbs
A verb is used reflexively when the subject of the verb is also its object.

Verbs Often Used Reflexively
A look at how reflexive verbs are used in Spanish, based on sentences in an article about St. Valentine.

Introduction to Past Participles
Past participles are words, common in both Spanish and English, that have characteristics of verbs and adjectives. They are used to form the perfect tenses.

Definition of 'Present Participle'

Past Participles
Past participles, which exist in both Spanish and English, are a verb form that can be used as an adjective and sometimes a noun.

Definition of 'Participle'
A participle can function as either a verb or an adjective.

Verbs That Change Meaning in Reflexive Form
Many Spanish verbs can be used in either reflexive form or not, but when they do they may change meaning. This lesson covers some of the most common such verbs.

Reflexive Verbs Indicating Change in Emotion
One common use of reflexive verbs in Spanish is to indicate a change in emotion.

Verbs That Can Be Followed by the Gerund
This grammar lesson lists several verbs that can be followed by the gerund and how to use them. They include continuar, seguir, ir, andar, venir.

Expressing Obligation
The common ways of saying in Spanish that someone has to or ought to do something is to uses the verb deber or the phrase tener que. Here is an explanation of how they are used.

Definition of 'Past Participle'
The participle is one type of verb form that can also be used as an adjective.

Expressing Intent
Here are three common ways to indicate intent.

Reflexive Verbs With an Indirect Object
A Spanish sentence such as "Se me olvidó el tomate" can be confusing to understand at first, because they are structured so differently than anything they say in English.

Present Participles
The verb forms that are the equivalent of the "-ing" form in English are known as present participles or gerunds.

Definition of 'Auxiliary Verb'

More Confusing Verb Pairs
These sets of verb pairs are often easily confused by Spanish students.

Separation of Auxiliary and Main Verbs
It is common in English to separate an auxiliary verb from the verb is it associated with. However, this practice should normally not be duplicated in Spanish.

Translating the English 'Would'
The auxiliary English verb "would" has several different ways it can be translated to Spanish.

Active Voice
Learn what the active voice is and how it is different than the passive voice.

Auxiliary Verbs
Learn how auxiliary verbs are used in Spanish, and how their use differs from English.

Passive Voice
Learn what the passive voice is and how it is different than the active voice.

Verbs Similar to 'Gustar'
A number of Spanish verbs are used in such a way that the verb's object is usually translated as the subject in English.

Definition of 'Compound Verb'

Definition of 'Gerund'
Glossary definition of 'gerund' as the term is used the grammar of Spanish and English

Collective Nouns and Verb Agreement

Using the Right Person of Verb
There are a number of instances where Spanish uses a different person of verb than English speakers might expect. These include cases where a person is referring to himself or herself, where someone is referred to by "it" in English, and where the speaker is including himself or herself as the subject of a sentence.

Using 'Se' To Express the English Passive Voice
By using se, it is possible to indicate that some kind of action is performed without saying who or what performs it.

Defective Verbs
Defective verbs are those verbs that don't have complete conjugation sets. The term also is used sometimes to include verbs such as gustar that typically are used in the third person only.

Using Gerunds With Verbs of Perception
In Spanish, gerunds can be used with 'ver' and other verbs of perception to indicate what other people or things are seen doing.

Adjectival Present Participles
English adjectives based on verbs and ending in '-ing' can be translated into Spanish in a variety of ways. One of them is the use of adjectival present participles, which typically end in '-ante' or '-ente.'

"Caer" vs. "Caerse"
A look at the subtle distinctions between 'caer' and 'caerse.'

Predicting Spanish Nouns
Answer to the question: If I know the Spanish verb, can I predict what the noun might be?

Verb
Definition of 'verb' with clarifying examples in Spanish and English.

More Verbs That Change Meaning When Used Reflexively
A look at some not-so-common Spanish verbs with unexpected meanings when they are used reflexively.

Copulative Verb
Definition of a copulative verb with examples in Spanish and English.

Past Participles Often Function as Nouns
Spanish participles are sometimes used as nouns. A lesson in the Real Spanish Grammar series.

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