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The Four Seasons

Definite Article Is Usually Used

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Cancun beachfront

Vamos a la playa cada verano. (We go to the beach every summer.) Photo is of the beach at Cancún, Mexico.

Photo by Ricardo Diaz; licensed via Creative Commons.

In Spanish, the four seasons of the year are:

  • el invierno — winter
  • la primavera — spring
  • el verano — summer
  • el otoño — autumn or fall

The definite article (el or la) is usually used with the names of the seasons. In many cases, it is used where it isn't in English:

  • La primavera es la época del año en que se manifiestan más evidentemente los procesos del nacimiento y el crecimiento. Spring is the time of the year in which the processes of birth and growth are most evident.
  • El otoño me parece abrumadoramente triste. Autumn seems overwhelmingly sad to me.
  • No me gustan los inviernos. I don't like winters.
  • El verano se acerca. Summer is getting near.
  • No tengo algo para hacer durante el invierno. I don't have anything to do during winter.

The definite article can be omitted (but doesn't have to be) after forms of the verb ser and the prepositions en and de:

  • En verano debemos cuidar el pelo con productos diseñados para esta estación. In summer we should take care of our hair with products designed for this season.
  • Los colores de primavera son muy llamativos y bonitos. Spring colors are very bright and pretty.
  • Ya era otoño en París. It was already autumn in Paris.

In some parts of the Spanish-speaking world, particularly in the tropics, two seasons are recognized:

  • la estación lluviosa — rainy season or wet season
  • la estación seca — dry season

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