Spanish adverbs are much like their English counterparts. There are at least two ways in which you can define what adverbs are:
- Words that tell us when, how or where the action or process in a sentence takes place.
- Words that modify or limit the meaning of a verb, adjective, adverb or entire sentence.
As is the case in English, most adverbs are derived from adjectives, although there are some that are not. In Spanish, most verbs that are derived from adjectives end in -mente, just as in English most end in "-ly." Following are the most common types of adverbs:
Adverbs of manner: Adverbs of manner are the most common and are used in a wide variety of situations, as they tell how something is done. In Spanish, they typically come after the verbs they modify.
- Examples: Estudia bien. (She studies well.) Canta mal. (He sings poorly.) Conduce lentamente. (He drives slowly.) Me abrazó cariñosamente. (She affectionately hugged me.) Leo mucho. (I read a lot.)
- Examples: Estoy muy cansada. (I am very tired.) Es poco inteligente. (He is not very intelligent.) Está más borracho. (He is quite drunk.)
- Examples: Quizás él tenga miedo. (Perhaps he is afraid.) Personalmente, no lo creo. (Personally, I don't believe it.) Pablo evidentemente estudia mucho. (Pablo obviously studies a lot.)
- Examples: Salimos mañana. (We're leaving tomorrow.) No estudia nunca. (He never studies.)
- Examples: Está aquí. (It is here.) Allí comeremos. (We'll eat there.) Te busca arriba. (He is looking for you upstairs.)