Spanish adverbs are much like their English counterparts. There are at least two ways in which you can define what adverbs are:
- Words that tell us when, how or where the action or process in a sentence takes place.
- Words that modify or limit the meaning of a verb, adjective, adverb or entire sentence.
As in English, most adverbs are derived from adjectives\. In Spanish, most verbs that are derived from adjectives end in -mente, just as in English most end in "-ly." Following are the most common types of adverbs:
Adverbs of manner: Adverbs of manner are the most common and are used in a wide variety of situations, as they tell how something is done. In Spanish, they typically come after the verbs they modify.
- Examples: Estudia bien. (She studies well.) Canta mal. (He sings poorly.) Conduce lentamente. (He drives slowly.) Me abrazó cariñosamente. (She affectionately hugged me.) Leo mucho. (I read a lot.)
- Examples: Estoy muy cansada. (I am very tired.) Es poco inteligente. (He is not very intelligent.) Está más borracho. (He is quite drunk.)
- Examples: Quizás él tenga miedo. (Perhaps he is afraid.) Personalmente, no lo creo. (Personally, I don't believe it.) Pablo evidentemente estudia mucho. (Pablo obviously studies a lot.)
- Examples: Salimos mañana. (We're leaving tomorrow.) No estudia nunca. (He never studies.)
- Examples: Está aquí. (It is here.) Allí comeremos. (We'll eat there.) Te busca arriba. (He is looking for you upstairs.)