1. Education
Haber As an Auxiliary Verb: It's Perfect!
Part 2: Reference Charts
Present indicative | Past Perfect Indicative (Pluperfect) | Preterite indicative | Future indicative | Conditional indicative | Present Subjunctive | Past Subjunctive

The following charts show the tenses made possible by using haber as an auxiliary verb.

Present Perfect Indicative

yo I he . He comido I have eaten.
you (informal singular) has Has comido You have eaten.
usted, él, ella you (formal singular), he, she ha ha comido You have eaten.
He/she has eaten.
nosotros we hemos hemos comido We have eaten.
vosotros you (informal plural) habéis Habéis comido You have eaten.
ustedes, ellos, ellas you (formal plural), they han Han comido You/they have eaten.

 

Past Perfect Indicative (Pluperfect)

yo I había Había hablado. . I had spoken.
you (informal singular) habías Habías hablado. You had spoken.
usted, él, ella you (formal singular), he, she había Había hablado. You had spoken.
He/she had spoken.
nosotros we habíamos Habíamos hablado. We had spoken.
He/she had spoken.
vosotros you (informal plural) habíais Habíais hablado. You had spoken.
ustedes, ellos, ellas you (formal plural), they habían Habían hablado. You/they had spoken.

 

Preterite Perfect Indicative (Literary)

yo I hube Hube visto. I had seen.
you (informal singular) hubiste Hubiste visto. You had seen.
usted, él, ella you (formal singular), he, she hubo Hubo visto. You had seen.
He/she had seen.
nosotros we hubimos Hubimos visto. We had seen.
vosotros you (informal plural) hubisteis Hubisteis visto. You had seen.
ustedes, ellos, ellas you (formal plural), they hubieron Hubieron visto. You/they had seen.

 

Future Perfect

yo I habré Habré trabajado . I will have worked.
you (informal singular) habrás Habrás trabajado. You will have worked.
usted, él, ella you (formal singular), he, she habrá Habrá trabajado. You will have worked.
He/she will have worked.
nosotros we habremos Habremos trabajado. We will have worked.
vosotros you (informal plural) habréis Habréis trabajado. You will have worked.
ustedes, ellos, ellas you (formal plural), they habrán Habrán trabajado. You/they will have worked.

 

Conditional Perfect

yo I habría Habría dormido. . I would have slept.
you (informal singular) habrías Habrías dormido. You would have slept.
usted, él, ella you (formal singular), he, she habría Habría dormido. You would have slept.
He/she would have slept.
nosotros we habríamos Habríamos dormido. We would have slept.
vosotros you (informal plural) habríais Habríais dormido. You would have slept.
ustedes, ellos, ellas you (formal plural), they habrían Habrían dormido. You/they would have slept.

 

Present Perfect Subjunctive

yo I haya (que) haya ido . (that) I have gone
you (informal singular) hayas (que) hayas ido (that) you have gone
usted, él, ella you (formal singular), he, she haya (que) haya ido (that) you have gone
(that) he/she has gone
nosotros we hayamos (que) hayamos ido (that) we have gone
vosotros you (informal plural) hayáis (que) hayáis ido (that) you have gone
ustedes, ellos, ellas you (formal plural), they hayan (que) hayan ido (that) you/they have gone

Note: It isn't unusual for the present perfect subjunctive to also translate as "will have" or "may have."

 

Past Perfect Subjunctive

yo I hubiera (que) hubiera dicho. . (that) I had said.
you (informal singular) hubieras Hubieras dicho. (that) I had said.
usted, él, ella you (formal singular), he, she hubiera Ha You have
He/she has
nosotros we hubiéramos Hubiéramos dicho (that) we had said
vosotros you (informal plural) hubierais Hubierais dicho (that) you had said.
ustedes, ellos, ellas you (formal plural), they hubieran Hubieran dicho (that) you/they had said.

Notes: It isn't unusual for the preterite perfect subjective to also translated as "might have" or "would have." There is also a form of the past perfect subjunctive that you may encounter in literature: hubiese, hubieses, hubiese, hubiésemos, hubieseis, hubiesen.

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 More of this Feature
• Part 1: Using Haber As an Auxiliary Verb
 Related Resources
• Using Haber for "To Be"
• The Versatile Past Participle
• The Subjunctive
• Haber in Idioms (to come)
• Haber: A Quiz (to come)
• Conjugation of Haber
• You Can "Have" It All
 

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