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Names of Nationalities

Nombres de nacionalidades

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Here is a list of Spanish words used for people of various nationalities.

The names of nationalities can be used as either adjectives or nouns. They are listed here in the singular masculine form. The feminine form of those ending in -o is made by changing the -o to an -a. Nationalities ending in -és can be made feminine by changing the ending to -esa. Thus the feminine form of inglés is inglesa. Nationalities in other endings don't have separate masculine and feminine forms.

Note that the words used for nationalities aren't capitalized in Spanish.

This list isn't complete, but it includes most Spanish- and English-speaking countries as well as countries you're most likely to see in Spanish-language news reports.

Alemania (Germany) — alemán
Argentina — argentino
Australia — australiano
Austria — austriaco, austríaco
Brasil — brasileño
Bélgica (Belgium) — belga
Bolivia — boliviano
Canadá — canadiense
Chile — chileno
China — chino
Colombia — colombiano
Corea del Norte (North Korea) — nortecoreano, norcoreano
Corea del Sur (South Korea) — sudcoreano
Costa Rica — costarricense, costarriqueño (uncommon),
Cuba — cubano
Dinamarca (Denmark) — danés
Ecuador — ecuatoriano
Egipto (Egypt) — egipcio
Escocia (Scotland) — escocés
España (Spain) — español
Estados Unidos (United States) — estadounidense
Filipinas (Philippines) — filipino
Francia — francés
Gales (Wales) — galés
Gran Bretaña (Great Britain) — británico
Grecia (Greece) — griego
Guatemala — guatemalteco
Haití — haitiano
Honduras — hondureño
la India — indio, hindú
Inglaterra (England) — inglés
Irak, Iraq — irakí, iraquí
Irán — iraní
Irlanda — irlandés
Israel — israelí
Italia (Italy) — italiano
Japón — japonés
Marruecos (Morocco) — marroquí
México, Méjico — mexicano, mejicano
Noruega (Norway) — noruego
Nueva Zelanda (New Zealand) — neozelandés
Nicaragua — nicaragüense
Países Bajos (Netherlands) — holandés
Palestina — palestino
Panamá — panameño
Paraguay — paraguayo
Perú — peruano
Polonia (Poland) — polaco
Portugual — portugués
Puerto Rico — puertorriqueño
la República Dominicana (Dominican Republic) — dominicano
El Salvador — salvadoreño
Rusia — ruso
Sudáfrica (South Africa) — sudafricano
Suecia (Sweden) — sueco
Suiza (Switzerland) — suizo
Taiwan — taiwanés
Uruguay — uruguayo
Venezuela — venezolano

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