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Gerald Erichsen

Using the Subjunctive Mood After 'No Creer'

By January 7, 2013

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From the mailbox (edited for brevity):

Why is this sentence in the subjunctive? Please help me understand this. Cynthia no creía que pudiera meterse nada en el estómago para desayunar. I understand that with "no" pensar/creer uses the subjunctive. But I thought that you needed a subject change. But with Cynthia being the same subject in both clauses, this confuses me.

Welcome to the pitfalls of using subjunctive mood! I think that the source of your confusion lies in thinking that all verbs in this type of sentence must use an infinitive when there's no change of subject. That is true with some verbs, such as querer. If you want to say "I want to leave," then you'd use the infinitive for "to leave": Quiero salir, where salir is the infinitive. But if you want someone else to leave you'd have to use the subjunctive: Quiero que salga, where salga is in the subjunctive. But the verbs where you must use the infinitive when there's no change in subject are few in number and tend to be verbs that relate to the influencing of someone's actions.

But in your sample sentence (which means "Cynthia didn't think she could put anything in her stomach for breakfast"), the main verb relates to mere belief, not influence. So use of the subjunctive here is perfectly fine. In fact, similar uses of the subjunctive are very common after no creer: No creo que yo pueda hacerlo. I don't believe I can do it. Ella no cree que tenga enemigos. She doesn't believe she has enemies.

I hope this helps!

Comments

January 7, 2013 at 1:53 pm
(1) sfree says:

I hope this helps:

“CREER governs the indicative unless negative.”

This verbatim quote came from Spanish Grammar, page 82, by J. Waren published by Longman’s Commerical Press.

– A Student

January 8, 2013 at 6:09 pm
(2) Cassie says:

Hi Gerald,

Thank-you so much for all of the wonderful resources that you provide. I am wondering if you are still sending out the quote of the day? I loved receiving that and have not for awhile. Thought I would check in. Thanks!

January 9, 2013 at 2:12 pm
(3) Phyllis says:

As to the question about use of the subjunctive, “no creia” indicates belief in the negative. Here is a good pnemonic for use of the subjunctive:

WEDDING…which stands for:

Wishing
Emotion
Doubt
Denial
Impersonal statement (also Imperative)
Negation
Guessing

Hope this helps.

Phyllis

January 9, 2013 at 5:29 pm
(4) Francine Cronshaw says:

Since the main verb (creer) expresses doubt as to the outcome, it needs to be followed by the subjunctive.
And since creer is in the past tense here, sequence of tenses demands that the subjunctive also reflect a past (Imperfect).

Good luck –remember that expressing doubt or emotion in the first part of the sentence means the second verb will be in the subjunctive.

January 9, 2013 at 11:55 pm
(5) David Casseres says:

The rule of thumb that I learned is that if a verb clause is introduced by “que,” the verb should be in the subjunctive. I’m not sure this is a universal rule, but this example follows it.

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