Although Columbus Day is being observed in the United States today, don't expect the same if you should be traveling in a Spanish-speaking country, where Oct. 12 remains the day of observance. And don't expect it to be known as the Día de Colón; its traditional name is Día de la Raza (Day of the Race). Note that raza often has a broader meaning than its English cognate, "race," usually does, here referring to the conquest of much of the Americas by the Spaniards.
Because of the effect that the conquest had on indigenous cultures, the demands of sensitivity have resulted in some cases in the renaming of the holiday. For example, in recent years the name Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural (Day of Respect to Cultural Diversity) has been promoted in Argentina. Other names used elsewhere — sometimes officially, sometimes informally — include Día del Descubrimiento (Discovery Day), Día del Encuentro de Dos Mundos (Day of the Encounter of Two Worlds), Día de las Culturas (Cultures Day) and Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Indigenous Resistance Day).